After almost two months of anticipation, the Federal Register is expected to publish the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“NPRM”) concerning the future use of 3.7-4.2 GHz (the “4 GHz Band”) by the mobile, fixed, and satellite services released by the FCC on July 13, 2018. The August 29 publication in the Federal Register will establish the comment and reply comment dates as Monday, October 29, and Tuesday, November 27, 2018.
There will be plenty for interested parties to comment on, as we discussed in an earlier blog post providing an overview of the draft NPRM, which was largely retained in the document finally adopted. The FCC is considering myriad options to restructure that spectrum to introduce commercial flexible mobile use and fixed point-to-multipoint operations while protecting incumbent fixed satellite service uses and grandfathered point-to-point licenses. The 4 GHz Band is commonly recognized by the mobile industry, the FCC, and others, as a key mid-spectrum band for next-generation networks and applications, including 5G and the Internet of Things.
It’s worth keeping in mind several other related upcoming deadlines, one definite and the other not yet established. Operators of existing earth stations operating in the 4 GHz Band that are not yet licensed or registered – but which were constructed and operational by April 19, 2018 – have until October 17, 2018, to apply for the license or register. Already, it is reported that several thousand earth stations have taken advantage of the opportunity, but time will soon be running out for those earth station operators that have not taken advantage of the time-limited relief provided by the FCC from its temporary freeze on new registrations and license applications. (Applications for new space stations as well as new fixed point-to-point links are also temporarily frozen, but without exceptions.) For those operators of earth stations that are not yet registered or licensed that want to be considered for protection from interference under any new rules in the 4 GHz Band, this may well be your final opportunity to secure protection. The FCC has proposed making the freezes permanent. Remember that the FCC has waived the typical requirement for coordination reports with the registrations or license applications.
In addition, the date for complying with the certification and information collection requirements applicable to earth station and space station operators adopted in the Order accompanying the NPRM has not yet been set. Compliance with the information collection requirements may be critical to receiving whatever protections the FCC may afford existing fixed satellite service operations. On August 20, the Order was published in the Federal Register which requires: (1) certification by earth stations registered or licensed before April 19, 2018; (2) the submission of certain information by operators of temporary fixed and transportable earth stations; and (3) information applicable to licensed space stations. Earth stations licensed or renewed under the temporary filing window through October 17 will not be subject to the certification requirement. (In contrast with the draft NPRM, the final NPRM adopted by the FCC excluded the upfront collection requirements for operators of 4 GHz Band earth stations other than the temporary fixed or transportable variety, leaving potential collection requirements as something to be considered later in the rulemaking after a record of the need for such data is created and reviewed.) These information collection requirements are subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act and won’t become effective until approved by OMB and a subsequent notice is released setting the compliance date, a process which could take a couple of months or longer. For now, there is not a whole lot to do but wait for that process to play out, although it might be good idea to start gathering the information, particularly for entities that have a lot of earth stations subject to the requirements.